How to Get Rid of Nausea and Vomiting

Nausea and Vomiting

Nausea can be caused by food poisoning and morning sickness, and it responds to certain home remedies and medications.

That rumbling, gurgling feeling in the pit of your stomach is something we all know. Once it begins to bubble, nausea can quickly lead to vomiting in some cases. Even when it's the only symptom, nausea can ruin a good day, and may soon find you running for your medicine cabinet. But maybe you should be running for a glass of water, or even a natural remedy like ginger. Then again, depending on your symptoms, it's possible that you should head directly to the doctor.

In this article, our medical experts provide details about home remedies and other treatments for nausea and vomiting. You will learn some of the common causes, such as pregnancy, morning sickness, and food poisoning, as well as foods that can ease an upset stomach. Discover the remedies that will help you take charge of your health, and the health of your family.

What’s Causing Your Nausea?

Causes of nausea include food allergies, stomach flu, migraines, diabetes, heart problems, and heart problems.

When your stomach is upset, even reaching for a glass of water can cause painful discomfort. But while you search for a remedy, you should consider the cause of your unease. In the case of this health symptom, the cause may be mild, but it may also be severe—sometimes even life-threatening.

Some of the relatively mild causes of nausea that can lead to vomiting include food allergies, stomach flu, food poisoning, acid reflux, and migraine headaches. Some of the more serious causes include head injury, diabetes, vertigo/stroke, heart problems, pancreatitis, appendicitis, accidental drug ingestion, bowel obstruction and cancer.

Staying Hydrated

Water and juice can be effective at relieving dehydration caused by nausea.

To prevent one of the worst results of nausea, be sure to stay hydrated. Thirst relief can be especially difficult when it's hard to keep anything down. It's even worse if your health symptoms include diarrhea. But even if you're throwing up, some of the water you drink will be absorbed.

Dehydration can be mild or severe. Mild dehydration causes few problems, but in its severe form, dehydration can be life-threatening. Sometimes when a person begins to throw up dehydration comes on quickly.

Remember—water isn't the only substance that can ease thirst. Tea—either hot tea or cold tea—can be a pleasant way to hydrate, and a decaffeinated choice is best. Sports drinks are good choices to, as is Pedialyte and similar drinks.

If you've just vomited, go slow. Start with a small amount of liquid—just a few tablespoons every few minutes to start. Slowly over time, increase the liquid as you're able to hold it down.

If you're worried about dehydration, ask yourself—are you urinating regularly? This is one of the clearest indications of whether or not you are getting enough to drink.

Foods for Nausea

Sports drinks offer better hydration than flat soda when dealing with the effects of nausea.

For a long time conventional health wisdom said to treat nausea with flat lemon lime soda or ginger ale. But this remedy has been put to the test, and it turns out sports drinks, Pedialyte and similar offerings do a better job of replacing fluids than flat soda.

With that in mind, here are some other strategies for keeping down food if you're nauseous. Once you've quenched your thirst, move on to foods that are soft and bland. A few examples include plain yogurt, bread, and Saltine crackers. And eat your meals slowly, providing plenty of time to digest the small amounts of food you're feeding yourself.

Sticking to Liquids

Finding liquid-based foods to eat can help ease your way back into nourishment during a bout of nausea.

While you're just easing back into food, start with something that contains a lot of fluid. As far as home remedies go, you can't do better for your health than see-through liquids. These tend to be especially effective remedies to ease nausea and quench dehydration. Good choices include Jell-O, popsicles, and soups with clear broths. Also good are the clearer juices, such as apple juice and cranberry juice.

Nausea Medication

Several drugs can help ease an upset stomach, but be careful giving these to children.

Often a bad bout of nausea and vomiting will go away on its own. The best thing to do in these cases is to wait for the health symptoms to ease on their own. Medicine may be a good choice if symptoms persist, though.

If a child is the one suffering, exercise particular caution before administering an over-the-counter medicine. Don't do so without the advice of a pediatrician. Many cold and flu medications are not for children, and ignoring the recommended use of these drugs could put your kid in harm's way. Anti-nausea medication may lead to risks and complications if given to a small child.

For adults, different types of medications are available. There are chewable and liquid antacids like Pepto-Bismol and Emetrol, or motion sickness-controlling medicines like Dramamine and Bonine. If your nausea is ongoing, you may want to ask a doctor about a prescription. Watch out—anti-nausea medicines often lead to sleepiness. So use caution before driving or carrying out your daily responsibilities—you don't want to cause harm because your body suddenly craves sleep.

Ginger and the Stomach

Ginger is a natural remedy for an upset stomach.

From ancient times to the present day, ginger has been used as a treatment for nausea pain. Ginger has a lot going for it. It's widely available, generally safe, and many people like the taste. But is it effective as an antiemetic?

Researchers recently looked into ginger as a health remedy for upset stomach. They were particularly interested in learning whether ginger was useful in easing nausea and vomiting during pregnancy and chemotherapy. They found that ginger is an effective and well-established home remedy for both conditions.

According to the researchers, it's not precisely known what makes ginger effective, but it may come down to a couple of its more pungent chemicals: gingerol and shogaol. So the next time you feel stomach pain, eating ginger may be the solution.

Morning Sickness and Pregnancy

Morning sickness is an all-too-common side effect of being pregnant, but there are some helpful natural remedies for morning sickness.

If you wake up nauseous from morning sickness or during pregnancy in general, you're not alone. In fact, three out of every four pregnant women will experience morning sickness. Your chances go up if you have a history of migraine pain or if your stomach has been upset during previous pregnancies. If you are pregnant with twins, your odds of morning sickness increase even more.

One way to avoid morning sickness while pregnant is to frequently eat small meals. This allows your system time to digest food, but leaves relatively little food in your stomach at any given time. Always remember to drink plenty of fluids. Getting a breath of fresh air may be a helpful remedy as well. Some say eating watermelon and drinking lemonade can be effective home remedies for pregnant women—and if that suits your cravings, go for it!

Some studies suggest acupuncture can ease symptoms of morning sickness. This is usually done by putting pressure on the groove inside two large tendons of the wrist. Acupressurists call this area P6. Some are skeptical of this treatment. Studies have found that wristbands designed to ease stomach upset by putting pressure on the p6 point are difficult to use. These devices have failed to show any results for stomach upset caused by surgery. Acupressure at the p6 point may be no more effective for morning sickness than acupressure anywhere else.

When it's Time to Call the Doctor

Sometimes nausea can become dangerous, such as when the sick person acts confused or may have consumed poison.

When every treatment and home remedy for nausea and vomiting isn't enough, it may be time to put your health needs in the hands of a doctor. Here are red flags warning you that it's time to seek professional medical intervention:

  • The sick person is less than 12 weeks old and has vomited more than one time;
  • The sick person shows dehydration signs;
  • You believe the sick person may have consumed poison;
  • The sick person acts confused, or has a stiff neck, rash, headache, high fever, or stomach pains;
  • The sick person's vomit contains either blood or bile;
  • You suspect appendicitis;
  • The sick person is difficult to wake up;
  • The person has been vomiting for longer than eight hours; or
  • Anytime you are worried and feel a doctor's supervision would be helpful.
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REFERENCES:

  • Harvard Medical School: “Nausea.”
  • Jamie Simonds, LPN, Capital Area Pediatrics, Falls Church, VA.
  • Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services: “Nausea and Vomiting.”
  • BMJ Clin Evid: “Nausea and Vomiting in Early Pregnancy.”
  • Johns Hopkins Children’s Center: "Nausea."
  • Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology: “The efficacy of P6 acupressure with sea-band in reducing postoperative nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing craniotomy: a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study.”
  • Pregnancy Statistics: “Morning Sickness Statistics.”
  • Children’s Physician Network: "Dehydration."
  • Nemours Foundation: "Dehydration."
  • CDC: "Seasonal Influenza, Check for Fluid Loss."
  • CBS News: "Flat Soda Doesn’t Help Dehydration."
  • University of Maryland Medical Center: "Complementary and Alternative Medicine Guide."
  • MedlinePlus: "Diet -- Clear Liquid," "Ginger."
  • Medline: "Nausea and Acupressure."
  • American Academy of Pediatrics: "Vomiting."
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