Vaginitis (cont.)

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What are the risk factors for vaginitis?

Rick factors for the development of vaginitis vary according to the type of vaginitis. Risk factors for STDs such as gonorrhea, Chlamydia, or Trichomonas include unprotected intercourse and multiple sexual partners.

Risk factors for yeast vaginitis (yeast infection) include the use of oral antibiotics (which may upset the balance of bacteria normally present in the vagina) and having a suppressed immune system, either due to a condition such as cancer or due to taking medications that affect immune function. Women who have diabetes, who are pregnant, and who take oral contraceptives may also have an increased risk for developing yeast vaginitis. Douching or using perfumed vaginal hygiene sprays may also increase a woman's risk of developing yeast vaginitis.

Factors that have been identified that increase a women's risk for developing bacterial vaginosis include multiple or new sexual partners, intrauterine devices for contraception, recent antibiotic use, vaginal douching, and cigarette smoking.

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