Sprains and Strains - Causes

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What causes a sprain or strain?

Sprains and strains occur when the body is put under physical stress. In these situations, muscles and joints are forced to perform movements for which they are not prepared or designed. An injury can occur from a single stressful incident, or it may gradually arise after many repetitions of a motion. Usually, the mechanism of injury involves placing the muscle tendon unit or the ligament under excessive stretching, causing damage to the muscle, tendon, or ligament fibers.

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See what others are saying

Comment from: Janie, 65-74 Female (Patient) Published: March 04

I strained an ankle muscle when standing up from a chair. At times I can barely put any weight on the ankle.

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Comment from: Barbara, 65-74 Female (Patient) Published: May 30

I lifted a 300 lb. teakwood table at each corner to remove an 8X10 ft. wool rug, approximately 80 lb. As I lifted each corner I pushed the rug back enough to fold over each corner of the rug until it was free of the weight of the table. I pulled the rug out from under the table. It was very strenuous and took all my strength. I knew I would feel the consequences of my actions. I was very sore for a few days. I wore a brace that afforded me movement with reduced pain. A few days later I experienced extreme muscle spasms and increased pain. It has been 3 months. I weigh 116 lb. / Height 5"3". I"ve been to an internist, chiropractor, massage therapist, and physical therapist. I am still in pain.

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