Brucellosis (cont.)

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Brucellosis At A Glance

  • Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria from the genus Brucella.
  • Brucellosis is an infection of certain animals that is transmitted to humans.
  • Humans acquire brucellosis when they come in contact with contaminated animals or animal products, most commonly from the ingestion of raw milk or cheese.
  • The symptoms of brucellosis may include fever, sweating, body aches, and joint pain.
  • Brucellosis is typically diagnosed through blood tests and by isolating the organism from blood and other body tissues.
  • A multidrug antibiotic regimen is the cornerstone of treatment for brucellosis.
  • The complications of brucellosis may involve various organ systems.
  • Brucellosis can be prevented by animal-disease-control measures, avoidance of unpasteurized dairy products, and occupational protective measures.

REFERENCES:

Al Nassir, Wafa, Michelle V. Lisgaris, Robert A. Salata. "Brucellosis." eMedicine. Feb. 3, 2009. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/213430-overview>.

Maloney Jr., Gerald E. "CBRNE-Brucellosis." eMedicine. Apr. 29, 2009. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/830118-overview>.

Switzerland. "Brucellosis (Human)." World Health Organization.<http://www.who.int/zoonoses/diseases/Brucellosissurveillance.pdf>.

Switzerland. "Brucellosis." World Health Organization. <http://www.who.int/zoonoses/diseases/brucellosis/en/>.

United States. "Brucellosis." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Dec. 7, 2007. <http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/Brucellosis_g.htm>.


Last Editorial Review: 1/27/2010 5:01:36 PM


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