Birth Control Types and Options

Birth Control Summary
There are a number of different methods of birth control to include: barrier methods, IUDs, hormonal methods, natural methods, and surgical sterilization. Birth control methods can be reversible or permanent. In simple terms, all methods of birth control are based on either preventing a man's sperm from reaching and entering a woman's egg (fertilization) or preventing the fertilized egg from implanting in the woman's uterus (her womb) and starting to grow.
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Birth control facts

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  • Birth control includes barrier, mechanical, hormonal, and natural methods, as well as emergency and permanent methods.
  • All birth control is based on either preventing a man's sperm from reaching and entering a woman's egg (fertilization) or preventing the fertilized egg from implanting in the woman's uterus (her womb) and starting to grow.
  • No birth control method, except abstinence, is considered to be 100% effective.
  • Birth control does not protect against sexually transmitted infections (sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs), except abstinence.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/14/2014

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Birth Control - Types Question: What type of birth control do you use and why?
Birth Control - Preferred Methods Question: If you have used different types of birth control, what is your preferred method? What do you like about it?
Birth Control - Education Question: Many of us learn about birth control in school. How and from whom did you learn about birth control?

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