ADHD in Adults (cont.)

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What medications are used in the treatment of adult ADHD?

There are a variety of treatments available for managing ADHD, including several effective treatment medications, educational or vocational interventions, as well as specific forms of psychotherapy. In terms of medication, those in the stimulant class are known to be quite effective for treating ADHD. Examples of stimulant medications used to treat this condition include short-acting medications like methylphenidate (Ritalin) and dexmethlyphenidate (Focalin), intermediate-acting medications like dextroamphetamine/amphetamine (Adderall and Adderall-XR), and long-acting stimulants like methylphenidate slow release (Concerta, Daytrana), dexmethylphenidate (Focalin-XR), and lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse). However, for some individuals, the side effects of the medication prevent these medications from being appropriate. Therefore, specific nonstimulant medications, which are also approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for effective treatment of ADHD, are prescribed for those individuals. Examples of nonstimulant medications include atomoxetine (Strattera), guanfacine (Tenex or Intuniv), and clonidine (Kapvay). Examples of medications that are often used to treat depression, like bupropion (Wellbutrin) and venlafaxine (Effexor), may also be helpful in the treatment of ADHD for some individuals.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/4/2013

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