ADHD afflicts approximately 3 percent to 5 percent of school-age children and an estimated 60 percent of those maintain the disorder into adulthood. Symptoms of adult ADHD include chronic lateness, anxiety, low self esteem, employment problems, difficulty controlling anger, impulsiveness, poor organization skills, procrastination, chronic boredom among others.
Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), also referred to by some as attention deficit disorder (ADD), is classified as a behavioral disorder that has neurocognitive issues involved. The symptoms of this disorder have been described in the known medical literature for at least the past 200 years. ADHD is characterized by problems focusing, sitting still,
and/or controlling impulses.
Adults affected by ADHD can be challenged in their ability to make and keep friends and other relationships, do well in school, at work, and/or in the community in general. Early treatment of ADHD may prevent a number of further problems from developing during adulthood. While men with this condition tend to develop substance-abuse
disorders more often than women with the condition, men and women tend to have
trouble getting and keeping jobs at an equal rate.
How common is ADHD in adults?
ADHD is quite common. Among school-aged children, this disorder has been found to occur from 2%-20%, translating to
4.5 million children 3 to 17 years of age. The onset of the disorder for most individuals is usually sometime during the school-age
years. While boys are still thought to develop this illness more often than
girls, improved assessment of girls has resulted in the gender gap in diagnosis
being significantly less than in years past. Up to about 60% of children with
ADHD grow into adults with continued challenges as a result of the disorder.
Approximately 1%-6% of adults are estimated to have ADHD. In adults, women are
thought to suffer from ADHD at a rate that is much closer to equal compared to
What are common
adult ADHD symptoms, behaviors, and problems?
People with adult ADHD may have lower self-esteem than adults without this
disorder. Some studies on adults with ADHD show that more than two-thirds may have another mental health condition, and about 50% have two other such conditions. The most common other problems that adults with ADHD suffer from include drug abuse and addiction,
and mood, anxiety, and personality disorders. In terms of personality disorders, adults with ADHD are at risk for developing antisocial personality disorder and borderline personality disorder. More than
one-third of adults with ADHD need adult mental health treatment.
Reviewed by William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR on 4/4/2013
What are the pros and cons of the ADHD patch in comparison to the other medications used to treat ADHD?
The ADHD "patch" you are describing is called Daytrana, and it's manufactured by Shire. The medication that this new system delivers is methylphenidate, which is the same basic medication available in tablet forms such as Ritalin and Concerta. It is the delivery system that makes this product unique.